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EU expresses concern over war crime reports in Ethiopia

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The European Union (EU) has expressed concern over consistent reports of ethnic-targeted killings and possible war crimes in Ethiopia’s northern region of Tigray.

The defence forces entered Tigray early in November to oust the region’s ruling party after its troops had captured federal military bases.

The government declared victory by the end of that month, but the EU says the situation remains dire.

The conflict threatens the stability of the entire region, the EU says.

The government of Nobel Peace Prize-winning Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed insists that it has been using proportional force to restore law and order and bring a “criminal clique” to justice.

Since the end of November there has been an operation to find fugitive Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) party leaders who vowed to continue the fight after the regional capital was captured by the army.

“The situation on the ground goes well beyond a purely internal ‘law and order’ operation,” EU foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell said in a statement.

“We receive consistent reports of ethnic-targeted violence, killings, massive looting, rapes, forceful returns of refugees [to Eritrea] and possible war crimes,” he said.

With more than two million forced to flee their homes, people in Tigray were in desperate need of aid but access to the region remains limited, he added.

Tigrayans make up around 6% of the Ethiopia’s more than 110 million population.

The Ethiopia embassy in London said the authorities wanted to help those in need.

“The government of Ethiopia remains committed to working closely with its humanitarian and development partners to address any outstanding challenges that could hinder the safe, effective, and efficient delivery of humanitarian assistance to all affected populations,” it said.

Mr Borrell said the EU would continue to withhold 88m euros ($106m; £78m) in budget support for Ethiopia until humanitarian access to Tigray was allowed.

He suggested Sudan could help in finding a solution, given how Ethiopia had helped negotiate a peace deal after the overthrow of President Omar al-Bashir in 2019.

“As we often say, we support ‘African solutions to African problems’. It is urgent, now, to find these solutions.”


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